Rare Wildlife You Can Only Find in Indonesia

komodoIndonesia’s rain forests and islands play home to some of the highest levels of biological diversity in the world. Many sources credit Indonesia as the country with the largest number of species on earth. Indonesia also contains the world’s third largest area of rainforest after Amazon and Africa’s Congo Basin. It is estimated that around 300,000 animal species inhabit the various ecosystems that are found in this country. Additionally, Indonesia is home to some of the most endangered species on the planet.

Visitors touring the country are likely to gain sight to spectacular species they have never seen before, and these species include;

Komodo Dragon

Also referred to as the King of lizard, the Varanus Komodoens or Komodo Dragon is is a rare lizard that is native to the Indonesian islands of Komodo, Gilli Motang, Padar, and Flores. Komodo lizard can grow to a maximum length of 10 feet and can weigh up to 70 kilograms. Despite being highly protected, the population of these species continue to diminish year after year due to illegal hunting, lack of source food and wildfires.

Sumatran Tigers

Sumatran Tigers are one of the most vanishing species of wild animals and are listed as critically endangered tiger species. The tigers inhabit only Sumatra making them one of the smallest subspecies of tigers in the world. The males grow barely 2.5m in length. With the extinction of Javan Tiger and Bali tiger, it is believed Sumatran tigers could be next due to deforestation, poaching, and wildfires. Despite the increased protection of tiger population in Indonesia, there is a lucrative market for these species in the rest of Asia.


AnoaAnoa, referred to as the smallest Buffalo is midget buffalo living in the rain forest of Sulawesi island. Anoas are highly endangered species as they are hunted for food. The main reason for being small is to act invisible. These buffaloes have the ability to stay silent while in the forest in denser parts of the forest. Studying the behavior of anoa is almost impossible because these animals are hardly seen. They are hunted for their desirable meat which is sold to the local market.




The Babirusa is related to hippos and is species found in the swampy rainforests of Indonesia. These species have a remarkable pre historic appearance due to their notable male tusks. They are highly protected from poaching which continues to threaten their existence. Due to their tusks, they play an inspirational part of the creation of demonic masks which are sometimes used as gifts to visitors entering Indonesia. In addition to hunting, another key threat to their existence is the loss of habitat through commercial logging.


Merak is arguably the most beautiful bird of the Phasianidae family. Meraks ate related to peasant and can be found in Java and Sumatra. Meraks can also be found in India and Malaysia although they are slightly different from the breed found in Indonesia. They have a unique color that makes them so awesome to watch. Meraks comprise of the various types with varying feather colors.